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3 Brain Systems That Control Your Behavior: Reptilian, Limbic, Neo Cortex

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The brain - mystery (un)solved

The human brain is arguably the most complicated thing in the known universe. After centuries of introspection, examinations, and experiments, we still don't know a lot about it. Of course, we've made all these terms, divided its structure into different areas, each one responsible for particular functions. But the truth is that the brain works as a holistic union and is not a composite of various parts but a single unit within the human body. However, it is a lot easier to understand it, if we use concepts and differentiate one part from another. Like the one put forth by Paul MacLean – the triune brain – that it is coming in three functional layers. The most bottom and ancient one – Reptilian Brain. Second – the Limbic System or Emotional Brain, "having to do with fear, arousal, anxieties, sexual longings, all those sorts of things – very mammalian". And third, The Cortex – responsible for thinking planning, moral judgments, etc.

Below you can enjoy an elucidating explanation of these three layers of the brain, their evolution, complex conversation, and connection with our behavior. Take a look at the video made by Robert Sapolsky, a professor of Biology and Neurology at Stanford University and a Research Associate with the Institute of Primate Research, National Museums of Kenya.

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The therapeutic effects of Psychedelics

Credit: Pexels by  Merlin Lightpainting

The scientific renaissance of mind-altering drugs

In 1938, Swiss scientist Albert Hoffman discovered a really interesting substance - LSD. It turned out that that is one of the most intense and strong mind-altering drugs that we know so far. But it is not like any other drug. It turned out that it provokes not only beautiful imagery and love in human imagination but that it has particular therapeutic effects. Moreover, the entheogens (psychoactive substances) had been in use long before their 20th-century revival. They were a necessary part of many rituals, sacraments, medical practices in the past. You can take a look at this short introduction to Psychedelics.

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Metabolism changes with age, but not when people might think

Science shows that, pound-for-pound, a 1-year-old burns calories 50% faster than an adult. Credit: Wikimedia/sylviebliss

Researchers measured life's metabolic highs and lows, from birth to old age

Most people remember a time when they could eat anything they wanted and not gain weight. But a study published in the journal Science and funded in part by the U.S. National Science Foundation suggests that metabolism -- the rate at which calories burn -- actually peaks much earlier in life and starts its inevitable decline later than you might guess

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Prof. Howard Gardner, the Author of Multiple Intelligences, about Man's Eagerness to Find His Own Meaning

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THE BIG QUESTIONS WE ASK OURSELVES

Prof. Howard Gardner from Harvard University, famous for his Multiple Intelligences Theory, tries to find out why now, more than ever, we ask ourselves the big questions about life and the true meaning of our own existence...  Maybe it is a result of the pandemic? "Almost no one in the world was prepared for the COVID-19 pandemic - Prof. Gardner says. -  Suddenly, immediate and long-term plans have had to be scuttled; daily routines have been substantially altered for months, with no end in sight; we need to protect ourselves and others every waking hour; and, alas, many have lost their livelihoods and their security and some have lost their lives... " The world, as we have always known it, is no longer present. Everything is changing - social and business norms, policies and politics, rules and demands... Even climate is changing.  And so are we. The Old is gone, but the New is still developing, taking shape and taking place, leaving us with the feeling of incompleteness, insecurity, and instability. Leaving us, asking questions and searching for their answers... 

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The Best New Psychology Books for 2020 - Top 5

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MUST READ

Here is a brief selection of the top 10 psychology books, published in 2020. You will find all kind of topics - multiple intelligence, critical thinking, neuropsychology, animal cognition, and many more... But most of all, we hope that you will find  the book is trying to find you! Enjoy reading!

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