Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz ( 1646 –1716) was one of the most prominent polymaths of the 17th century Enlightenment. He was a notable mathematician, logician, and philosopher, who was representative of the tradition of rationalism. Leibniz developed the ideas of differential and integral calculus independently of Isaac Newton. He was also one of the most important inventors in the field of mechanical calculators. Leibniz is often cited as one of the greatest proponents of optimism although frequently misinterpreted. Arguably, his best-known thought: "This is the best of all possible worlds" is widely misunderstood. When Leibniz claims that the way the world is created is the best, he doesn't exclude all evil, unfair, and amoral aspects of human nature and society like a man who suffers from daltonism and can't see the whole spectrum of the world's phenomena. The statement actually says the opposite. The universe with all its imperfections and distortions is, indeed, in perfect balance because it sustains existence. All that seems chaotic to us is just a higher level of order. We can't possibly conceive even the idea of a better universe because it exceeds our mental capacity. Therefore, the world as we know it is the best we can imagine. Nevertheless, that doesn't mean that we should accept its flaws but that we shall embrace its natural harmony.
Enjoy the best of all possible Sundays!