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Air-powered computer memory helps soft robot control movements

An 8-bit pneumatic RAM chip used to help a soft robot control its movements. Credit: William Grover

Pneumatic soft robots use pressurized air to move soft, rubbery limbs and grippers

Engineers at the University of California, Riverside have unveiled an air-powered computer memory that can be used to control soft robots. The innovation overcomes one of the biggest obstacles to advancing soft robotics: the fundamental mismatch between pneumatics and electronics. The U.S. National Science Foundation-funded work is published in PLOS One.

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Studies into bilingual cognition could help improve language learning

In one experiment, people who spoke more than one language or dialect demonstrated greater executive control abilities - which include inhibition, working memory and cognitive flexibility - than monolinguals. Image credit - Jessica Lewis/Unsplash

Speaking more than one language could enhance mental abilities

Bilingual people can effortlessly switch between languages during everyday interactions. But beyond its usefulness in communication, being bilingual could affect how the brain works and enhance certain abilities. Studies into this could inform techniques for learning languages and other skills.

More than half of people in Europe speak more than one language while the same is true worldwide.

Switching between languages can be thought of as a form of mental exercise where attention is focussed on the relevant language while intrusions from the second language are suppressed. 'There is a lot of research that shows that when bilinguals speak in one of their languages, the other language is still active,' said Dr. Kyriakos Antoniou, a psycholinguist at the University of Cyprus.

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Join the international conference SGEM Florence – “The Magic of Renaissance”

Image credit: sgemflorence.org

Welcome to Florence – the live museum of the Renaissance

Art Meets Science at Centro Congressi Auditorium al Duomo- Firenze. The synergy of Arts and Humanities, presented in one unique event - Extended Scientific Sessions "The Magic of the Renaissance", part of the SWS International Scientific Conferences on Arts and Humanities. The sessions are organized by the SWS International Society of Social Sciences, Humanities and Art, with the kind support of many Universities and Academies of Sciences.

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Last call for the IXth SWS International Scientific Conferences on Social Sciences and Arts & Humanities

Image credit: sgemsocial.org

Historical backgrounds

Back there in the 18th century, Christian Wolff differentiated three types of ontological metaphysics, regarding the spirit, the world, and God. Later on, Wilhelm Dilthey divided two types of science: Human science and Natural science. Since then, we witness a great schism between what is considered to be, on the one hand, subjective and on the other – objective studies. The gap between Human and Natural sciences became bigger with the idea of falsifiability introduced by Karl Popper in the 20th century. In that picture, we could imagine that Social Sciences lay, somewhat, in the middle between the two already mentioned. The majority of the Social Sciences exploit the scientific methods borrowed from Natural Sciences (Antipositivism, or Interpretivism, is an exception), whereas Humanities mostly use critique, speculation, and comparative historical methodology.

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Thoughts to reflect on

Credit: Gettyimages

Ursula K. Le Guin

"To oppose something is to maintain it... You must go somewhere else; you must have another goal; then you walk a different road."


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