Geoparks are created around objects of geological heritage of global importance. UNESCO Global Geoparks are unique, unified geographic areas where sites and landscapes of international geological importance are managed through an integrated vision of education, research, sustainable socio-economic development and heritage conservation. Global Geoparks are sources of unique knowledge of special value.
These are primarily earth sciences, economics, culture, including the culture of nature management. The Geopark takes into account the social and economic needs of the local population, protects the landscape in which they live and preserves their cultural identity. Local customs and local knowledge, practices and management systems should be incorporated along with science in the planning and management of the area.
Geological heritage of international importance must be confirmed by independent experts [Statutes and Operational Guidelines of the UNESCO Global Geoparks].