The title and abstract are the most visible parts of your article.
During peer review, the title and abstract are used when we invite reviewers. Invited reviewers are asked to decide whether they wish to review the manuscript on the basis of the title and abstract alone. So you should be well prepared!
If and when the manuscript is published, more people will read the title and abstract than the whole article. In fact, many people will only read the title and abstract, and may only try to read them once.
It is thus important to catch the reader's attention by making the title and abstract as concise, accurate and readable as possible.
Most people rely on electronic search engines to find articles. Usually they search through databases that contain only the title, author list and abstract of articles, excluding any keywords attached to the article by its authors. It is therefore important to include in the title and/or abstract the words that potential readers of the article are likely to use during a search.
Be as descriptive as possible and use specific rather than general terms;
Avoid using acronyms and initialisms: e.g. "Ca" for calcium could be mistaken for "CA", which means California;
Use simple word order and common word combinations;
Write scientific names in full;
Avoid using abbreviations,they could have different meanings in different fields;
Avoid the use of Roman numerals in the title as they can be interpreted differently: for instance, part III could be mistaken for factor III.
The abstract must outline the most important aspects of the study while providing only a limited amount of detail on its background, methodology and results.
Authors need to critically assess the different aspects of the manuscript and choose those that are sufficiently important to deserve inclusion in the abstract.
Once the abstract is ready it can be helpful to ask a colleague who is not involved in the research to go through it to ensure that the descriptions are clear.
After the manuscript is written, the authors should go back to the abstract to check that it agrees with the contents of the final manuscript.
The abstract structure varies between journals and between types of article. Authors should check that the abstract of their manuscript is consistent with the requirements of the article type and journal to which the manuscript will be submitted.
The abstracts of manuscripts submitted to the SGEM editions/journals should be structured as follows: