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My title

The title and abstract are the most visible parts of your article.

During peer review, the title and abstract are used when we invite reviewers. Invited reviewers are asked to decide whether they wish to review the manuscript on the basis of the title and abstract alone. So you should be well prepared!

If and when the manuscript is published, more people will read the title and abstract than the whole article. In fact, many people will only read the title and abstract, and may only try to read them once.  
It is thus important to catch the reader's attention by making the title and abstract as concise, accurate and readable as possible.                                                                                                                        
Most  people  rely  on  electronic  search  engines  to  find  articles.  Usually  they  search  through databases that contain only the title, author list and abstract of articles, excluding any keywords attached  to  the  article  by  its  authors.  It  is  therefore  important  to  include  in  the  title  and/or abstract the words that potential readers of the article are likely to use during a search.

Titles: The key to ensuring your article will be found

The title is an essential way to bring the article to potential readers' attention, especially in those cases where the database being searched does not include the abstract of the article.
The title must therefore be as accurate, informative and complete as possible.

  Be as descriptive as possible and use specific rather than general terms;
 Avoid using  acronyms  and  initialisms:  e.g.  "Ca" for  calcium  could  be  mistaken  for  "CA", which means California;
  Use simple word order and common word combinations;
  Write scientific names in full;
  Avoid using abbreviations,they could have different meanings in different fields;
  Avoid the use of Roman numerals in the title as they can be interpreted differently: for instance, part III could be mistaken for factor III.

Abstracts: Selecting the most important information

The abstract must outline the most important aspects of the study while providing only a limited amount of detail on its background, methodology and results.
Authors need to critically assess the different aspects of the manuscript and choose those that are sufficiently important to deserve inclusion in the abstract.
Once the abstract is ready it can be helpful to ask a colleague who is not involved in the research to go through it to ensure that the descriptions are clear.
After the manuscript is written, the authors should go back to the abstract to check that it agrees with the contents of the final manuscript.

Abstract structure

Abstracts should have a structured format. This serves several purposes:
  • it helps authors summarize the different aspects of their work;
  • it makes the abstract more immediately clear; and
  • it helps peer reviewers and readers assess the contents of the manuscript

The abstract structure varies between journals and between types of article. Authors should check that the abstract of their manuscript is consistent with the requirements of the article type and journal to which the manuscript will be submitted.

 

The abstracts of manuscripts submitted to the SGEM editions/journals should be structured as follows:

Some tips on writing abstracts

Abstract lenght...

Abstracts should not exceed 350 words. Abstracts that are too long lose their function as summaries of the full article, and excess words may be omitted by some indexing services;

Synonyms...

Include synonyms for words and concepts that are in the title;

Use simple...

As in the title, use simple word order and common word combinations;

Citing....

Avoid citing references.

Main points...

Make  sure  the  salient  points  of  the  manuscript  are  included,  but  be  consistent;  the abstract should only reflect those points covered in the manuscript;

Abbrev...

Minimize the use of abbreviations;

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