President of Latvia Academy of Sciences,
SWS Advisory Board Chairman
President of Latvia Academy of Sciences (LZA), Professor of Art Academy of Latvia (LMA), LATVIA
DR.HABIL.ART. (PHD) OJĀRS SPĀRĪTIS, PRESIDENT OF THE LATVIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Foreign Member, Lithuanian Academy of Sciences (since 26 April 2016)
Full Member, Latvian Academy of Sciences (since 2003)
Corresponding Member, Latvian Academy of Sciences (26 November 1999)
Professor, Art Academy of Latvia (28 April 1998)
Dr.habil.art. (24 March 1998)
Dr.art. (25 November 1997)
Studies at the Dpt. of Art History and Theory, Art Academy of Latvia (1981-1987)
Studies at the Faculty of Philology, University of Latvia (1974-1979)
Dear Colleagues in Science,
This year, like every year, the Latvian Academy of Sciences confirms its unfailing role of national importance and responsibility in the development of education, science and economy of our country. With this new version of the “Yearbook”, I would like to inform our partners in many countries in an attractive and popular way about the major directions of our national science policy as well as the international importance of our academically outstanding personalities and their research. I am convinced that information on the history, structure and achievements of the Latvian Academy of Sciences will make it possible to ascertain not only the unique and symbolic place of our ACADEMY in the spiritual life of the Latvian nation, but also build up the pride of each country’s scientists and politicians for the symbolic role and place of THEIR Academy. Along with other awards for scientific achievements, the Latvian Academy of Sciences annually awards also the special Cicero Prize to outstanding personalities in the humanities and natural sciences, education, culture and politics.
One of the 2018 winners was the President of France Emmanuel Macron, whose thoughts and words express new and essential ideas for restarting Europe. In his words of gratitude for the Cicero Prize, he addressed the Latvian scientific community with the following: “France and Latvia are closely linked in their choice in favour of Europe, in their desire to see a strong Europe, a Europe that can protect its citizens and protect itself from external risks”.I am delighted with the achievements of Latvian scientists in 2018 and the extensive international cooperation projects that are part of the world’s scientific and technological progress and their theoretical and practical input brings tomorrow closer. It is good to know that the language of science is so universal that it crosses borders and that it creates new knowledge. However, if economic and diplomatic ties between countries were to be obstructed or discontinued, I am convinced that scientists, as recognised leaders of public opinion, will be able to avert contradictions and delineate new ways of international cooperation.
DR.HABIL.ART. (PHD) OJĀRS SPĀRĪTIS, PRESIDENT OF THE LATVIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF FRANCE EMMANUEL MACRON’S ADDRESS ON PRESENTATION OF THE CICERO PRIZE
Mr President of the Senate of the Academy of Sciences, Mr President of the Academy of Sciences, Ladies and Gentlemen,
I am particularly pleased to accept the Cicero Prize accorded by the Latvian Academy of Sciences and I thank you warmly for it.Through you, Mr President of the Senate, I would like to thank the Latvian people, their President and their Government for this symbol of “strong friend-ship and strong relations” between our two coun-tries, to use the expression of the President François Mitterrand, who was the first European Head of State to pay an official visit to Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia in May 1992.The celebration of the centenary of the creation of the Latvian state throughout 2018 was the occa-sion of a special intensification of the bilateral rela-tionship between France and Latvia. The inaugur-ation at the Musée d’Orsay, last spring, of the superb exhibition “Untamed Souls” has highlighted great European painters originating in the Baltic coun-tries who contributed to the awakening of national feeling. I welcome the major role played by Latvia in organising this exhibition, which is now also taking place in the three Baltic States.This exhibition, inaugurated by the Presidents, in the presence of the Ministers of Culture and your Minister of Foreign Affairs, marked the beginning of a series of fruitful contacts, notably with President
Raimonds Vējonis. On this occasion, the Foreign Ministers were able to sign an Action Plan of the Strategic Partnership, which sets ambitious goals for the relationship between France and Latvia over the next five years, in all areas of the bilateral relationship. In light of the troubled and uncertain international context, it is essential to continue the very close cooperation between our two countries, particularly in terms of de-fence and security. It is in our mutual interest. It is in the interest of the European project. France and Latvia are closely linked by the choice for Europe, by a common destiny centred on the same European ambition, with the same desire to have a strong Europe, a Europe that knows how to protect its citizens and defend itself against external risks. If Latvia is today in the first circle of solidarity within the European Union, it is because it made the deliberate choice, already before 2004, to overcome difficulties, to be at the forefront of the project Euro-pean Union and to hold high European values. Before we embark on the year 2019, which will allow us to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the liberation of Rīga, I wish to reiterate the commitment of France to a sovereign, united and democratic Europe. Thank you.
THE PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF FRANCE EMMANUEL MACRON
Ojārs Spārītis, Eugene Eteris. Latvia in Europe and the World. Modern European science policy: challenges and opportunities for Latvian perspective growth. Rīga, Sia Medicīnas apgāds, 2019, 124.p. 2. Biobibliogrāfija (Biobibliography). Riga, Zinātne, 2016, 414 pages.
Esejas par Latvijas sakrālo kultūru (Essays on Latvian Sacral Culture). Rīga, Jumava, 2015. 215 lpp.
Rīga – Florence. Kultūras paralēles (Riga – Florence. Cultural Parallels) Rīga, Jumava, 2004. 220 lpp.
Versija par Jelgavas Sv. Trīsvienības baznīcu (A Version about St.Trinity Church of Jelgava). Rīga, Zinātne, 2011. 335 lpp.
Rīgas pieminekļi un dekoratīvā tēlniecība (Monuments of Riga and Decorative Sculpture). Rīga, Nacionālais apgāds, 2001,160 lpp.; 2-nd Revised and enlarged Edition: Rīga, Nacionālais apgāds, 2007,194 lpp.
Vācieši Latvijā (kopā ar L. Dribinu). II daļa “Vācu garīgās un materiālās kultūras vērtības Latvijā” (Germans in Latvia. Part II. Treasures of German intangible and material culture in Latvia). Rīga, Elpa, 2000, 86-229 lpp.
Usmas baznīca Rīgā, Latvijā, pasaulē (The Church of Usma. In Latvia and in the world). Rīga, Zinātne, 1999, 170 lpp.
Renesanses stilistiskais diapazons vizuālajās mākslās Latvijā XVI – XVII gadsimtā. (The Stylistic Range of the Renaissance Art in Latvia XVI-XVII centuries.) Rīga, Nordik, 60 lpp.
Rīgas Doma vitrāžas Rīga. (The Riga Dome Stained Glass), Premo, 1997,104 lpp.
Transcription of Renaissance Humanism – affected Iconography in Early Protestant Art in Riga - In: Baltic Journal of Art History, Autumn 2011-Spring 2012, Tartu University Press, 2012, p. 115-136.
Renesanses humānisma ikonogrāfijas transkripcija Rīgas agrīnā protestantisma perioda mākslā. - Latvijas Zinātņu akadēmijas Vēstis, "A" daļa, 2013. gads, 67. sējums, No. 3. - 5, 75. - 89. lpp.
Sociology of Art Collection: the Role of Collections in 19th Century Interior Design - In: Pasaulietiniai Interjerai. Ideja, Dekoras, Dizainas. Secular Interiors: Idea, Decor, Design. Vilnius Dailes Akademijos leidykla, 2014, p. 129-154.
Ein Einblick in die Entstehung der sakralen Kulturlandschaft Lettlands - Beobachtungen und Quellen.- In: "Christi Ehr und gemeinen Nutzen Willig zu fodern und zu schuetzen". Beitraege zur Kirchen-, Kunst- und Landesgeschichte Pommerns und des Ostseeraums. Band 1, Thomas Helms Verlag, Schwerin, 2014, 39.-84.
Evidence of the Reformation and Confessionalization period in Livonian Art. - In: Baltic Journal of Art History, No. 9, Spring 2015, Tartu University Press, p. 23-74.
Beziehungen zwischen der Familie von behr und dem Prager Hof von Rudolph II. und deren Auswirkungen auf die Kultur Kurlands.-In: Schlösser und Herrenhäuser der Ostseeregion. Bausteine einer europäischen Kulturlandschaft. Thomas Helms Verlag, Schwerin, 2017, S. 103.-128.
Zeugnisse der Epoche der Konfessionalisierung in Kunstwerken Livlands.- In: The Reformation in the Southeast Baltic Region. Acta Historica Universitatis Klaipedensis. Institute of Baltic region History and Archaeology, Klaipeda University, 2017, S. 135.-159.
Sacred Architecture of Early Protestantism and Confessionalization in Latvia. From Cathedral and parish Church to Family Mausoleum.-In: Reformatio Baltica. Kulturwirkungen der Reformation in den Metropolen des Ostseeraums.(Hrsg. H. Assel, J.A. Steiger, A.E.Walter), Bd.2, de Gruyter, Berlin-Boston, 2018, S. 601.-617.
Ojārs Spārītis, Eugene Eteris. Latvia in Europe and the World. Modern European science policy: challenges and opportunities for Latvian perspective growth. Rīga, Sia Medicīnas apgāds, 2019, 124.p.
Reports at international conferences (2012-2019)
"Beziehungen zwischen der Familie von Behr und dem Hof von Rudolph II"- Conference: "Castles and Manor Houses in the Baltic Sea Region", Greifswald, Germany, 3-6 October 2012.
"Riga Talks" "Geheimnisvolles Lettland" - Europa Kulturtage 2013 - Goethe Universitaet, Campus Westend, House of Finance Grueneburgplatz 1, Frankfurt am Main, 14 November 2013.
Protestantischer Kirchenbau und sakrale Kunst im Gebiet des heutigen Lettland bis 1918. - Internationale und interdisziplinaere Tagung "Protestantismus in den baltischen Laendern" - in Eberhard Karls Universitaet Tuebingen, 21 - 23 November 2013.
Zur Frage der Entstehung des Querkirchentypus im skandinavischen Raum und Baltikum.-Konference "Religion und Aufklaerung", Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, 30 March - 2 April 2014.
Emblem in the Wind. Emblematic Content of Weather-Cocks in Latvia during the 17th and 18th Centuries - Conference "10th International Conference Society for Emblem Studies, Chr. Albrechts Uni Kiel, 27 July - 1 August 2014.
Protestant sacred architecture in Latvia - from cathedral to parish room and aristocratic Mausoleum – Conference: "Reformatio Baltica", Vilnius, 9-13 September 2015.
Splendour, fall and rise of symbol - building of Latvian Academy of Sciences – International Scientific Conference of ICOMOS "Modern Heritage - Identifying, Assessing and managing its Protection and Conservation", Florence, 10-13 March 2016.
Aktueller Bericht zu Beobachtungen zum Ziegelbau in Pakistan.- XI Internationaler Kongress BACKSTEINBAUKUNST. 1.-2. September 2016, Wismar.
Splendour, fall and rise of symbol - building of Latvian Academy of Sciences.- ICOMOS International Scientific Conference "Modern Heritage - Identifying, Assessing and Managing its Protection and Conservation. Florence, March 10-13, 2016.
The Practice of the Confession and the Evolution of Confessionals in the Interior of Courlandian Lutheran Churches.- International Conference on Material and Ceremonial Church Practices in the 16th and 17th Centuries in the Baltic Sea region "Indifferent Things". Tallinn, 14.-16. September 2017.
Roles and Challenges Facing National Academies.- International Scientific Leaders Forum in Celebration of the 90th Anniversary of Academia Sinica. Taipei, November 11.-13, 2018.
Europe 2050: How Can Education, Science and Innovation Contribute? - Forum Future Europe. Leibnitz Association, Berlin, 21.-22. February, 2019.
Courses of Lectures in Latvian Academy of Art
Art History of Latvia (12th to 19th c entury)
Theory of Styles
History of Applied Art
Protection of Cultural Heritage and theory of Conservation
Lectures and seminars in the courses for Doctoral studies
Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow, 2018), Seoul Technical University (South Korea, 2017), Hankou University (China, 2017), National Taipei University of Technology (Taiwan, 2015), Vilnius University (Lithuania, 2013), Florence Academy of Art (Italy, 2010), University of Tuebingen (Germany, 2009, 2010), University of Glasgow (United Kingdom, 2008),University of Jyväskylä (Finland, 2000), University of Kiel (Germany, 1994).
The Order of the White Rose, Knight’s Cross (Finland) (2009)
The Order of Leopold II, Officer’s Cross (Belgium) (2007)
The Order of Orange-Nassau, Knight’s Cross (the Netherlands) (2006)
The OrderAl Merito della Repubblica Italiana, Commander’s Cross (Italy) (2004)
Medal of M.C.A. Boeckler-Stiftung “Mare Balticum” (Germany) (2001)
The Order of Three Stars, Officer’s Cross (Latvia) (2001)
Swedish Order of the North Star, Commander’s Cross (2001)
Letter of Gratitude from the State President of Latvia (1999)
Riga Prize of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and the Riga Award Foundation (2003)
Prize of the Latvian Academy of Sciences and JSC “Grindeks” (2002)
The mission of the Latvian Academy of Sciences is to identify, select and unite distinguished scientists at a national level, to carry out scientific expertise in a number of fields, to care about development and promotion of national science, and to endorse implementation of the national science policy which enables competitiveness and growth of the national economy of Latvia internationally.
EDITORIAL BOARD OF THE LATVIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES YEARBOOK 2019:
Ojārs Spārītis, President of the Latvian Academy of Sciences
Ilze Trapenciere, Advisor to the President of the Latvian Academy of Sciences
Namejs Zeltņš, Professor, Corresponding Member of the Latvian Academy of Sciences, Head of the
Energy Efficiency Centre, Institute of Physical Energetics
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