DBPapers
DOI: 10.5593/SGEM2016/B23/S11.055

SPATIAL ACCESSIBILITY AND PUBLIC TRANSPORT ISSUES IN POST-SOCIALIST METROPOLITAN AREAS: A CASE STUDY OF SUCEAVA (ROMANIA)

A.I. Tomasciuc, E. Mihail, O. Hapciuc, C. Iatu
Friday 9 September 2016 by Libadmin2016

References: 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2016, www.sgem.org, SGEM2016 Conference Proceedings, ISBN 978-619-7105-60-5 / ISSN 1314-2704, June 28 - July 6, 2016, Book2 Vol. 3, 431-438 pp

ABSTRACT
Main debates concerning urban mobility in Romania are dominated by the necessity to define, adopt and implement sustainable urban mobility plans (SUMP). SUMPs are strategic instruments to move forward from the traditional way of managing spatial accessibility and transport issues (which is especially true for post-socialist cities) to a more integrated, participative and innovative approach. Although some investments in urban transportation have been made in Romania during the EU’s previous financial period (2007-2013), most urban areas still face numerous challenges in leaving behind the old paradigm. Our paper brings into discussion the current state in adopting SUMPs for major Romanian cities. In addition, the paper discusses the public transportation and spatial accessibility issues for the particular case of Suceava City with the aim of highlighting some of the challenges SUMPs have to find a solution. These challenges are numerous and very diverse and, as a consequence, we opted for discussing only some of the aspects which one may consider as representative for most of the Romanian cities. The methodology deployment involved, in a first phase, the creation of a database concerning the economic actors in the field of public transportation and the services they offer, and, in a second phase, the use of GIS instruments in order to create a road transport infrastructure spatial database and to analyse the quality of infrastructure and the spatial accessibility it generates. The results highlight some of the administrative challenges to be faced and some issues related to transport infrastructure quality and to periurban spatial accessibility.

Keywords: urban mobility, public transportation, SUMP, spatial accessibility, post-socialist city, Romania.


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